THE PSYCHOLOGY OF CONVERSATION - Toward Democratic and Compassionate Conversations


PhD. University of Chicago; Psychology, 1960.
B.A. Wayne University; Psychology, 1956.


Professor Emeritus. 2000 - Present
          University of Florida. 
Professor Communication, Linguistics & Anthropology. 1964-99
          Univ. of Florida. 
Assistant Professor of Psycholinguistics. 1961-64
Postdoctoral Research Fellow. 1960-61
          U.S. Public Health Service.    

              Please see "TEXTBOOKS" page.


Semiotic Psychology: Speech as an index of attitude.
          Semiotica, 104-1/2, 67-80. (1995)

Conversational style as an expression of power and solidarity.
          in J. Casagrande (Ed.), The Linguistic Connection. (pp.   
          149-159).Washington: University Press of America .(1983)

A stylistic analysis of speaking.
          with Lomax, A, Berkowitz, N., Deng, D.& Kulig, C.
          Language in Society. 6, 15-36.(1977)

The paralinguistic framework.
          in A. Lomax (Ed.), Folk Song Style and Culture ( No. 88, pp.
          114-116).Washington: American Association for the   
          Advancement of Science.(1968)

The basic principles of descriptive linguistic analysis.
          in E.P. Hollander & R. G. Hunt (Eds.), Current Perspectives
          in Social Psychology (Chapter 23). New York: Oxford
          University Press.(1963)


On the effects of mode of presentation on phonetic symbolism.
          Journal of Verbal Learning and Verbal Behavior, 6(1),
          171-173. with Siegel, A. & Silverman, I. (1967)

The validity of semantic differential for psycholinguistic analysis.  
          J.Verbal Learning and Verbal Behavior, 5(4)348-350. 
          with Hunt, R.G., & Crapsi, L.A.. (1966)

A distinctive feature analysis of pre-linguistic infant vocalizations.
          In K.F.Riegal (Ed.), The Development of Language Functions
          (pp.69-78). Ann Arbor: Center for Human Growth and  
          Development. with Ringwall, E.A. & Reese, H.W. (1965)

The connotative meaning of several initial consonant clusters in
          English. Monograph Series on Language and Linguistics, 14,
          81-87. (1961) 

The connotative meaning of certain phoneme sequences.
          Studies in Linguistics, 15, 47-61. with Hamp, E.P. (1960).  


Socio-economic and ethnic correlates of dialect differences.
          in M.E. Smith (Ed.),Studies in Linguistics in Honor of George
          Trager (pp. 313-323). The Hague: Mouton. With Sharpless,
          C.A. (1973).

Judging personality from dialect.
          Journal of Verbal Learning and Verbal Behavior, 6(1), 33-35.  
          with Eisler, R.N. & Reese, H.W.(1967). 


Semantic and pragmatic test for libel: A case study in forensic
          semiotics. in G.F. Carr, W. Harbert, & L. Zhang (Eds.),
          Interdigitations: Essays for Irmengard Rauch (pp. 731-735).
          New York: Peter Lang. (1999)

A Semiotic Contribution to Libel Action Law.
          International Journal for the Semiotics of Law, Vol. XI no.
          31, 49-56.  (1998)

Speaking Style as an Expression of Solidarity: Words per Pause.   
          Language in Society, 19, 81-88.  (1990).

Subjective Meaning and Culture: Assessment through Word
          Associations. Book review, American Anthropologist, 82(2),
          412-413. (1980).

The effect of content and sex-of-judge on judgments of personality
          from voice. International Journal of Social Psychiatry, XI(4),
          295-300. with Roblin, G. (1965).

A Comparative Psycholinguistic Analysis of Two Psychotherapy   
          Interviews. Book review.  Intern’l Journal of Social
          Psychiatry, IX(4), 208-9. (1963).

Intra-Test Relationships in the Language of Aphasic Adults.
          PhD.  Dissertation.  (1960)  


The relationship between words and tone-of-voice.
          Language and Speech. 16(1),15-21. with Bein, M.F.& Phillis,
          J.A. (1973).

Personality traits associated with voice types.
          Journal of Psycholinguistic Research, 1(3), 249-255.  with
          Phillis, J.A., Vargas, R., & Howard, K. (1972).

Biosocial factors in dyadic communication: sex and speaking
          intensity. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology,
          23(1),11-13. with Prebor, L.D. & Brandt, J.F. (1972).

Prosodic systems and intonation in English. Book review. 
          Contemporary Psychology, XV(9), 547-548. (1970).

Voice quality profile and perceived emotion.
          Journal of Counseling Psychology, 16(3), 267-270.  with
          Costanzo, F.S. & Costanzo, P.R. (1969).

The relationship between voice quality and the MMPI in psychiatric
          patients. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 74(1), 61-66.

The reliability of coding paralanguage: pitch, loudness and tempo.
          Journal of Verbal Learning and Verbal Behavior, 4(4),
          306-308. (1965).

Judging personality from voice quality.
          Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology, 69(4),
          458-463. with Meisels, M. & Houck, J.E.(1964). 


Coverbal behavior associated with conversational turns.
          in A. Kendon, R. Harris, & M.R. Key (Eds.), The
          Organization of Behavior in Face-to-Face Interaction (pp.
          189-195). The Hague:  Mouton. (1976).

The relationship between self-rating of expressed inclusion and
          speaking time. Language and Speech. 189-195. with Bein,
          M.F., Campbell, W.W. &  Shaw, M.E. (1976). 

Sex effects in conversational interaction: another look at male
          dominance. Human Communication Research, 2(4),
          356-364.  with Long, J.F., &  Saine, T.J. (1976).   

Turn taking: Social personality and conversational style.
          Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 31(6),
          1134-1140. with Gallois, C.(1975).


Evidence of conversational disrhythmia in stutterers.
          Journal of Fluency Disorders,11,183-200. With Jensen, P.J.,
          & Beverung, J.W.(1986).

Facial-head cues, conversational distances and interpersonal
          impressions. Communication Quarterly, 28(3), 47-55. with
          Woodall, W.G., & Burgoon, J.K. (1980).    
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