A Socialist View of
How to Express Solidarity in a Face-to-Face Conversation
Citing Marx’s socioeconomic base/social
superstructure metaphor, the author claims that face-to-face conversation is a
social superstructure that reproduces and reinforces a socioeconomic base.
Specifically, face-to-face conversation that expresses hierarchy and lack of
solidarity mirrors capitalist relations of production and contributes to an
unconscious acceptance of the idea that autocratic and alienated interpersonal
relationships are human nature.
This book describes the research
establishing address, self-disclosure, seating, eye contact and touch as the
most significant behaviors communicating hierarchy and solidarity. The author
suggests that being conscious of the meaning of these five behaviors, we are
free to choose an alternate face-to-face conversation style—low hierarchy and
high solidarity—that provides a foundation for democratic and compassionate
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